Vision Library

What is Vision Therapy?

Vision disorders are one of the most underdiagnosed conditions in the United States today. That may seem like an overstatement, but the fact is that many conditions which are treatable through vision therapy get misdiagnosed as ADD, or worse, laziness or even stupidity. This is because many of these vision disorders are not discoverable through a “20/20″ eye exam at an optometrist’s office. Advances in modern medicine offer numerous strategies to ease or possibly alleviate vision disorders. Vision therapy is the result of these advances.


Vision therapy is a technique that can help a variety of eye problems. Many people have benefited from the treatment, and today, the field has expanded to address everything from dyslexia to convergence insufficiency.

There are numerous benefits to vision therapy, and it can be used to treat a wide variety of disorders. Vision therapy treats various disorders, including:


  • Strabismus
  • Amblyopia
  • Ocular-Motor (“eye teaming”) Dysfunctions
  • Visual-Perceptual (“eye-brain” coordination) Disorders

Dr. Davis and Dr. Carlyle at Virginia Vision Therapy Center are skilled developmental optometrists with years of experience in the field. Having suffered from vision disorders as a child, Dr. Davis understands firsthand the difficulties and frustrations which come with having these disorders. Dr. Davis has made it his life’s goal to raise awareness of these disorders, while also offering people hope and renewed confidence through treatment. Dr. Carlyle has chosen to specialize in the examination of partially sighted individuals and has been certified as a Low Vision Examiner by the Virginia Department for the Blind and Vision Impaired (DBVI). In addition to onsite training and almost 15 years of experience in private practice, Dr. Carlyle has recently completed an intense education program in Vision Therapy and Vision Dysfunction given by the Optometric Extension Program.

Symptoms of Vision Disorders

Blurred vision, blind spots, floaters, double vision, dizziness, problems with depth perception, and problems with eye tracking all could potentially indicate a vision disorder. Left untreated, symptoms can frustrate children and lead to decreased performance in school.


The first step towards determining if you or your child may benefit from vision therapy is a full eye exam by a licensed vision therapist. These exams go beyond the standard “20/20″ exam in order to find potential problems in how the brain processes information from the eye, rather than only testing the physical capability of the eye to see.

If being tested for vision therapy, the therapist will evaluate your vision in several areas. These include close vision acuity, eye teaming skills, eye focusing skills, eye movement skills and reversal frequency.


Dr. Davis and Dr. Carlyle are licensed developmental optometrists servicing the Gainesville, Winchester, Springfield and Fredericksburg, Va. areas. Our treatments are tailored specifically for each diagnosis, and focus on “training” the eye rather than using corrective lenses. Perfect vision means more than just perfect eyesight: It requires an ability to understand the stimuli the eye is receiving, and process it correctly. Vision therapy focuses on correction of vision difficulties and eye teaming difficulty.

If you or your child has “20/20″ vision, but still seem to struggle reading due to blurry or floating words, or if you otherwise have trouble focusing on objects in the near range, make sure to contact us at  Virginia Vision Therapy Center. We will screen your vision for potential teaming issues and create a therapy “script” which will strengthen your eye-brain coordination and provide lasting improvement to your ability to not just see, but perceive.


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